Canada announces Changes to Pre-Removal Risk Assessment for Individuals from Chad
Immigration, Refugees and Citizenship Canada (IRCC) has announced changes to the pre-removal risk assessment (PRRA) for individuals from Chad. Individuals from this country who received a negative final decision (between March 30, 2022 and March 29, 2023) from the IRB, the Federal Court, or IRCC, may now be eligible to apply for a PRRA.
If you are an eligible individual from Chad and are currently subject to an enforceable removal order, the Canada Border Services Agency (CBSA) will advise you of your PRRA application options. But, until then you can read more about PRRA and the changes for Chad below.
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What is a pre-removal risk assessment (PRRA)?
A pre-removal risk assessment is a process to make sure that a person is going to be safe despite a removal from Canada. Under normal circumstances, if someone’s refugee claim or previous application for a PRRA is rejected, abandoned, or withdrawn, or if their application for leave and judicial review is dismissed by the Federal Court, they are not eligible to apply for a PRRA for at least 12 months.
However, the worsening conditions in Chad could put individuals at risk if they were to return, making an additional assessment necessary. IRCC is the institution that determines which countries to exempt from the 12-month bar by considering recent events that could put individuals in a risk situation. These events are outlined in sections 96 (definition of a Convention refugee) and 97 (definition of a person in need of protection).
Changes to the pre-removal risk assessment for Chad
In light of the current situation in Chad, some individuals from the country are now exempt from the 12-month bar on applying for a PRRA. Of course, this depends on several factors, such as when they received a decision on their refugee claim.
For example: If you receive a final negative decision after March 29, 2023, you will not be eligible to apply for a PRRA for 12 months.
Recent changes in country conditions would have been considered during the initial refugee claim or PRRA process.
It’s crucial to understand that being eligible to apply for a PRRA doesn’t guarantee a positive outcome. Each case is decided upon by IRCC officers based on the information provided. Therefore, it’s vital to keep your PRRA application up to date and inform IRCC of any changes to your application.
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