Canada Immigration 2022
Despite an immigration backlog of almost 550,000, Canada intends to accept up to 420,000 immigrants in 2022. Of course, this approach won’t eliminate the backlog. However, it will be the first time in the history of Canada that we have accepted so many immigrants. The current article dubbed Canada immigration 2022 is an effort to explore immigration options in Canada in 2022.
Canada accepts immigrants in one of the following major groups:
Let’s have a quick look at these options. Of course, you may also check out these sections of this article:
- Other ways of moving to Canada in 2022
- The cost of immigration to Canada in 2022
- The processing time
Family reunification allows Canadians to sponsor their loved ones to Canada. Nonetheless, you need to see if you qualify under any of the following options in 2022:
- Sponsor your spouse or common-law partner outside Canada
- Sponsor your spouse or common-law partner inside Canada
- Parents sponsorship
- Sponsoring siblings or other family members to Canada
Alternatives for family sponsorship
In some situations, when the sponsor or their family members do not fully qualify for immigration, an immigration officer could approve the application under the Humanitarian and Compassionate Considerations (H&C). However, in such cases, the officers consider the following:
- a child’s emotional, social, cultural and physical welfare
- the hardship imposed on the families
- circumstances in their home country
- their ties to Canada
- their establishment in Canada
- other factors that could affect an officer’s decision.
Of course, this list is neither inclusive nor exclusive.
Provinces and family reunification
Sometimes Canadian provinces introduce unique family reunification opportunities for residents of their province. Of course, you need to visit the relevant websites or consult with a professional for more information. However, no unique provincial options are available for family sponsorship immigration to Canada in 2022.
Applicants immigrating through the economic classes are mainly skilled workers, business owners, or senior managers with management experience and investment capabilities. The majority of immigrants to Canada fall under this group. We could divide economic immigration into three main groups:
- Federal – These immigrants may settle in any province or territory of Canada other than Quebec.
- Provincial Nominee Program (PNP) – The applicants immigrate to a specific province of Canada other than Quebec
- Quebec – The province of Quebec holds an exclusive agreement with the federal government, also known as the Quebec Accord. The province has the sole responsibility for its immigration programs.
The following programs were available through federal immigration in 2022:
- Express Entry or EE – This system, which has been in effect since 2015, includes three classes of immigration programs, namely:
- Self-Employed program – This program covers two specific groups, namely:
- Start-up Visa – This program targets innovative immigrants.
- Home Child Care Provider Pilot or Home Support Worker Pilot – Of course, this process covers caregivers who have job prospects in Canada. Nonetheless, it covers caregivers with past work experience in Canada as well.
- Atlantic Immigration – This program mainly targets people with job offers from an employer in one of the Atlantic provinces, New Brunswick, Nova Scotia, Prince Edward Island, and Newfoundland and Labrador.
- Rural and Northern Immigration Pilot – If you have a job offer from an employer in some rural Canada regions, you may immigrate to Canada.
- Agri-Food Immigration Pilot – Some foreign workers in the agri-food industry may immigrate to Canada in 2022 under this pilot program.
- TR to PR Pathway – IRCC stopped this program in November 2021, and they have no plans to activate it in 2022.
Canada has ten provinces and three territories. Except for Nunavut, every province and territory in Canada offers some immigration opportunities. The Canadian Constitution Act 1867 enables provinces to manage immigration to their provinces as long as it is not against the Federal Government’s decisions. Consequently, for an introduction to PNP programs, visit the following link:
Quebec has a special agreement with the Federal government to manage the flow of immigrants to their province. Regardless, they have decided to keep accepting immigrants in 2022.
If you have left your country because of persecution or similar immense issues, you could move to Canada as a refugee. However, the process of refugee application could be tedious and time-consuming. Therefore, click the following links for more information:
Under the following options, you may enter or live in Canada for a few days to several months.
- Temporary Resident Visa
- Temporary Resident Permit
- Getting a Study Permit
- Getting a Work Permit
- Work without a Permit
- Work Permit and Immigration Options for Artists
These temporary options do not necessarily result in immigration to Canada in 2022, but they could help. For instance, if a person works in Canada for at least one year, they could apply for immigration under the Canadian Experience Class. If a person finishes a Ph.D. program in Ontario, they could apply for permanent residence under the Ontario Immigrant Nominee Program.
If you intend to immigrate to Canada, consider the following charges:
- Processing fee – You need to pay the processing fee to Canada’s federal or provincial governments to ask them to review your application package. Of course, the charge could vary from less than $100 (Canadian funds) to thousands of dollars. Nonetheless, the government increased some processing fees by 50% in 2020, and they plan to adjust the processing fees based on the inflation rate in the spring of 2022.
- Consultation and representation fee – If you hire an immigration consultant or an immigration lawyer, you must pay their professional fees. Of course, the professional fees could be a few hundred to a few thousand dollars. Nonetheless, while consultants or lawyers do not speed up your process, they could prevent drastic mistakes resulting in misrepresentation or other application issues. However, make sure to select a professional and knowledgeable practitioner. An incompetent practitioner could become part of the problem instead of the solution.
- Right of Permanent Residence Fee (RPRF) – We also know this fee as the landing fee. Nonetheless, the cost is currently $500 per person and applies to the principal applicant and their spouse or common-law partner (some exceptions apply).
- Biometrics fee – Regardless of your nationality, you need to give biometrics for immigration to Canada in 2022. Nonetheless, the current biometrics cost is $85 per person and a maximum of $170 per family.
Other fees you may consider in 2022
- Medial examination – All family members need to go through a medical exam. Of course, a panel physician must conduct the examination. Panel physicians charge you for their services. However, the amount you need to pay depends on your country and your medical issues’ complexity.
- Preparation and translation of documents – Of course, you need to prepare several documents and translate them into English or French languages.
- Other expenses – Sometimes, you need to conduct exploratory visits to Canada. You may also need to pay a good faith deposit to certain provinces. Consider other unexpected expenses such as travelling to another country or city to give biometrics, hiring an accountant, hiring a property appraiser or mailing your documents.
IRCC tries to limit the processing time of applications to under 12 months. However, applications’ processing times could exceed a few years. Nonetheless, the following article sheds light on the concept of processing time:
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Al Parsai, LLM, MA, DTM, RCIC
Regulated Canadian Immigration Consultant
Adjunct Professor – Queen’s University – Faculty of Law
Ashton College Instructor – Immigration Consulting
Author – 88 Tips on Immigration to Canada
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This article provides information of a general nature only. Considering the fluid nature of the immigration world, it may no longer be current. Of course, the item does not give legal advice. Therefore, do not rely on it as legal advice or immigration advice. Consequently, no one could hold us accountable for the content of these articles. Of course, if you have specific legal questions, you must consult a lawyer. Alternatively, if you are looking for immigration advice, book an appointment.
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