Canadian provinces minimum wage 2023

These Canadian provinces will increase their minimum wage in April 2023

The minimum wage is a fundamental labour standard that ensures the lowest possible wage an employer can pay their staff. Across Canada, all jurisdictions have a general minimum wage rate. This typically applies to most workers and is set as an hourly rate. Of course, some groups of employees, such as students under 18, may have a different minimum wage.

A newly launched Minimum Wage Database provides comprehensive information on current and upcoming general minimum salaries, as well as any special honorariums applicable to specific occupations or groups of workers. In this article, we’ll focus on the general minimum wage rates in all provinces of Canada.

Provinces that will increase their minimum wage in April

According to the database, the following provinces are increasing their general minimum wage on April 1, 2023:

Province/
Territory
Current Minimum Wage RateForthcoming Minimum Wage Rate
01-Apr-2023
Forthcoming Minimum Wage Rate
01-Oct-2023
Manitoba$13.50$14.15$15.00
New Brunswick$13.75$14.75not provided
Newfoundland and Labrador$13.70$14.50$15.00
Nova Scotia$13.60$14.50$15.00
Yukon$15.70$16.77not provided

Please note that, on April 1, 2023, the federal minimum wage in Canada will also increase from $15.55 to $16.65 per hour. The federal government has rules about paying employees in certain industries, such as transportation, telecommunications, and banking. Workers in these industries should be paid at least the minimum wage set by the federal government. If the province or territory where the worker lives has a higher minimum wage, the employer must pay that higher wage instead.

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Minimum wage in other provinces

In addition to Manitoba, Newfoundland and Labrador and Nova Scotia, the following provinces are forecast to increase their minimum wages after April 1, 2023.

Province/
Territory
Current Minimum Wage RateForthcoming Minimum Wage Rate
Alberta $15.00To Be Decided (TBD)
British Columbia $15.65To Be Decided (TBD)
Northwest Territories$15.20To Be Decided (TBD)
Nunavut$16.00To Be Decided (TBD)
Ontario $15.50October 1, 2023: unknown
Prince Edward Island$14.50October 1, 2023: $15.00
Quebec$14.25May 1, 2023: unknown
Saskatchewan$13.75October 1, 2023: $14.00

As you can compare in both tables, Nunavut has the highest minimum wage rate in the country at $16 per hour, in effect since April 1, 2020. Moreover, it is expected to increase on April 2023, to $16.77.

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Average weekly earnings by provinces in Canada: 2023 update

The latest Statistics Canada data showed that average weekly earnings rose 3.4% in December 2022 on a year-over-year basis. However, compared to the previous month, it is down from a growth of 4.2% recorded in November. The data, released on February 23, 2023, pointed out that Newfoundland and Labrador (+6.7%, to $1,177) recorded the largest proportional gain (in average weekly earnings) in December. This gain was followed by New Brunswick (+4.6%, to $1,078) and Quebec (+4.5% to $1,130).

Provinces/TerritoriesAverage weekly earnings
in December 2022
Newfoundland and Labrador$1,176.83
Prince Edward Island$ 985.86
Nova Scotia$1,033.77
New Brunswick$1,077.70
Quebec$1,129.54
Ontario$1,197.94
Manitoba$1,073.01
Saskatchewan$1,147.21
Alberta$1,268.07
British Columbia$1,153.32
Yukon$1,342.74
Northwest Territories$1,574.24
Nunavut$1,588.20
Check the Industry-Wise Weekly Earnings, here.

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