Comparing permanent resident LMIA with high-wage and low-wage options

Canadian employers usually need to apply for an LMIA when hiring foreign nationals. LMIA stands for Labour Market Impact Assessment. Moreover, a positive LMIA means hiring a foreign national has no negative impact on the Canadian job market. We could divide LMIAs into several groups. This article compares the permanent resident LMIA with high-wage and low-wage options. Of course, these three are probably the most popular LMIA types.

What are high-wage or low-wage LMIAs?

These two LMIAs are for those who intend to work in Canada with a work permit. However, they do not qualify for better alternatives such as,

Among the two options, the process for high-wage LMIA is more straightforward. I prefer not to go into the details. Nonetheless, you may read my other article on this subject:

What is a permanent resident LMIA (PR LMIA)?

Before comparing a permanent resident LMIA with high-wage and low-wage options, let’s define it. Sometimes, you receive a job offer from a Canadian employer. However, you may work in Canada only if you become a permanent resident. In this situation, you usually need to apply for a permanent resident LMIA. A job offer backed with a PR LMIA could boost your FSWC and Express Entry scores. Therefore, many PR applicants seek a PR LMIA to validate their job offers. Of course, you may consider reading my other article on job offers.

Permanent resident LMIA vs. high-wage LMIA

The process and requirements of a PR LMIA are the same as a high-wage LMIA for the most part. However, there are some differences. The following table only reflects the differences.

Issue PR LMIA for high-wage positions Regular high-wage LMIA
Processing fee $0 $1000 (exceptions exist)
Using the LMIA for a work permit application Not possible Possible
Transition plan No Yes, it is a must
Using it for boosting the PR application score Yes Yes, however, you must have a PR-specific* job offer.

*A PR-specific job offer means the employer is willing to hire you for at least one year after becoming a PR.

Permanent resident LMIA vs. low-wage LMIA

The process and requirements of a PR LMIA are the same as a low-wage LMIA for the most part. However, there are some differences. The following table only reflects the differences.

Issue PR LMIA for low-wage positions Regular low-wage LMIA
Processing fee $0 $1000 (exceptions exist)
Using the LMIA for a work permit application Not possible Possible
Cap on the number of employees No If the employer has hired a foreign national before June 20, 2014, the cap is 20%. Otherwise, the cap is 10% for temporary foreign workers.
Using it for boosting the PR application score Yes Yes, however, you must have a PR-specific job offer.
Transportation, housing, healthcare, and contract? Not applicable Applicable

*A PR-specific job offer means the employer is willing to hire you for at least one year after becoming a PR.

Significant temporary changes to the LMIA program

Starting from April 30, 2022, some temporary changes will affect the LMIA program, namely:

  • Labour Market Impact Assessments (LMIAs) will be valid for 18 months, up from nine. LMIA is a document that an employer in Canada may need to get before hiring a foreign worker. Before the pandemic, LMIAs were only valid for six months.
  • Further, the maximum duration of employment for High-Wage and Global Talent Stream workers will be extended from 2 years to 3. This extension will help workers qualify for more pathways to permanent residency. Of course, they will also be contributing to the Canadian workforce in the long term.
  • Also, there will no longer be a limit to the number of low-wage positions that employers in seasonal industries (fish, seafood processing) can fill through the TFW Program. Moreover, the maximum duration of these positions will be increased from 180 days to 270 days per year.

These changes are temporary and are because of the labour shortages in 2022. Moreover, you could read our news article about this subject:

Let us help!

If you have general questions about comparing permanent resident LMIA with high-wage and low-wage options, fill out the following form. Otherwise, please book a consultation session with me or fill out our assessment form.

    Full Name (required)

    Email Address (required)

    Have you entered your email address correctly?

    WhatsApp number (optional)

    Subject

    Your Message

    Related Posts

    countries where people would most like to live

    Canada ranks first among countries where people would most like to live

    Oct 2, 2022
    Ontario candidates invited

    Ontario held a major draw: 1,179 candidates invited

    Oct 1, 2022
    Immigrate to British Columbia after graduation International Students

    Immigrate to British Columbia after graduation – International Students

    Sep 30, 2022
    New Amendments for Temporary Foreign Workers are Now in Force

    New Amendments for Temporary Foreign Workers are Now in Force

    Sep 29, 2022

    If you wish to visit or move to Canada, please fill out our free assessment form. We will review it for free, but we will contact you only if we find an opportunity for you. Alternatively, you may book a consultation session. Consultation sessions are not free, but you will receive formal advice from a licensed practitioner.

    Al Parsai, MA, DTM, RCIC
    Regulated Canadian Immigration Consultant
    Ashton College Instructor – Immigration Consulting
    Author – 88 Tips on Immigration to Canada

    Fill our Free Canada Immigration Assessment Form in your language!

    Disclaimer:
    This article provides information of a general nature only. Considering the fluid nature of the immigration world, it may no longer be current. Of course, the item does not give legal advice. Therefore, do not rely on it as legal advice or immigration advice. Consequently, no one could hold us accountable for the content of these articles. Of course, if you have specific legal questions, you must consult a lawyer. Alternatively, if you are looking for immigration advice, book an appointment.

    The characters and places in the articles:
    All the characters and locations in the articles are fictional, unless otherwise clearly stated. Therefore, any resemblance in names, dates, and places is coincidental.

    Important Notes:
    For our official addresses, trust this website only. We currently do not have offices outside Canada. Therefore, anyone who claims to be our agent is committing fraud. Also, note that we do not issue any work permits or study permits or similar documents. The government of Canada has the sole authority to issue such material.

    Click to read the disclaimer.

    Al Parsai

    Al Parsai is a Regulated Canadian Immigration Consultant (class L3 RCIC-IRB – Unrestricted Practice) in Toronto, Canada. He is an adjunct professor at Queen's University Law School and Ashton College. Al, who holds a Master of Laws (LLM) degree from York University, is a member of CICC and CAPIC organizations. Al, the CEO of Parsai Immigration Services, has represented thousands of applicants from more than 50 countries to the immigration authorities since January 2011.

    Do you have any questions?