IMP C42 – An open work permit for spouses of international students
Some international students have spouses or common-law partners. In most cases, these couples prefer to be in Canada together. However, when you move to Canada as an adult, you may also need permission to work. IMP C42 is an LMIA exemption code that allows certain spouses of international students receive an open work permit in Canada.
- What is an open work permit?
- Understanding the concept of IMP
- Explaining IMP C42
- Genuine relationships
- How to get the IMP C42 work permit
- Let us help!
What is an open work permit?
An open work permit, such as the one issued under IMP C42, allows a foreign national to work for any employer in Canada. Therefore, you may work for a third party or your own business. Some work permits may have restrictions, such as the region you may work in or the nature of your work. Also, you may face certain conditions without an upfront medical exam. Regardless, open work permits create unique opportunities for foreign workers to
- make a living,
- potentially qualify for an immigration option, such as the Canadian Experience Class,
- contribute to the Canadian economy, and
- alleviate potential mental health issues by remaining busy.
Understanding the concept of IMP
Let’s explore LMIA before explaining IMP C42. Generally speaking, a foreign worker must obtain an LMIA from Service Canada or, rather, ESDC. An LMIA is a letter that explains how hiring a foreign national will impact the Canadian labour market. Of course, an adverse LMIA letter means IRCC won’t issue a work permit for the person. The LMIA process is time-consuming, expensive, and prone to refusal.
Luckily, the government of Canada allows certain foreign nationals to apply for a work permit without an LMIA. The policies that will enable such exemptions to fall under the International Mobility Program or IMP. We have another article on our website that explains IMP in more detail.
Explaining IMP C42
IMP C42 refers to an open work permit the spouse or common-law partner of a temporary foreign worker receives in Canada. However, to qualify for this work permit application, you must meet the following criteria:
(A) Requirements and documentary evidence for the international student
- They are actively studying at a Designated Learning Institution (DLI)
- IRCC has approved their program for PGWP (Post-graduate Work Permit)
- Their study permit is valid
(B) Requirements for the IMP C42 applicant (i.e. the spouse)
- They are in a genuine spousal or common-law partnership with the international student
- They are admissible to Canada
It is in the best interest of the applicant to present an upfront medical exam result. However, this step is not mandatory for everyone.
Defining genuine relationships for spouses or common-law partners
According to section 4 of the Immigration Regulations, you are not a family member if your relationship is not genuine. Consequently, IRCC could refuse to issue a working permit for you under IMP C42. Unfortunately, there are no clear-cut guidelines for proving the genuineness of the relationship. However, consider the following piece of advice based on my professional experience.
Group A: You have been in a relationship for more than two years
If you have been in a relationship for more than two years, present some documents to prove it. For example,
- A marriage certificate that you received more than two years ago
- Documents that show you have been co-habiting as common-law partners for more than two years
Group B: You have common children
If you have common children, then include documents to prove it. For example,
- Brith certificates
- Family books or similar official documentation
Group C: None of the above
If you do not belong to any of the previous groups, then you must present more documents. For example:
- Your marriage certificate or the Statutory Declaration of Common-Law Union form
- Any official documents showing your common-law relationship or marriage
- Support letters from family members or friends
- Pictures showing you in different settings, such as family gatherings, trips to other places, etc.
- Documents showing you live in the same location, such as the electric bills and cell phone bills
Of course, these lists are neither inclusive nor exclusive. Therefore, do your best to verify you are genuinely the spouse or common-law partner of the international student.
How to get the IMP C42 work permit
Just meeting the principal requirements is not enough. IRCC officers follow the guidelines under section 200 of the IRPR to issue the work permit. Therefore, they consider the following:
- You have submitted a complete application.
- You will leave Canada by the end of your authorized stay.
No need to say, you must submit convincing documents to support your qualifications under section 200. Consult with a professional for more information.
Let us help you with your IMP C42 application.
We can help you with your IMP C42 work permit application. Please fill out the following contact form. Of course, you may alternatively book an appointment with me for official advice.
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Al Parsai, LLM, MA, DTM, RCIC
Regulated Canadian Immigration Consultant
Ashton College Instructor – Immigration Consulting
Author – 88 Tips on Immigration to Canada
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This article provides information of a general nature only. Considering the fluid nature of the immigration world, it may no longer be current. Of course, the item does not give legal advice. Therefore, do not rely on it as legal advice or immigration advice. Consequently, no one could hold us accountable for the content of these articles. Of course, if you have specific legal questions, you must consult a lawyer. Alternatively, if you are looking for immigration advice, book an appointment.
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