Important trends for skilled trades immigrants
A new report released on November 24th, 2021, goes deep into the labour market outcomes of economic immigrants in the skilled trades. The analysis focuses on applicants in five economic immigration streams: FSWP, the PNP, the CEC, the FSTP, and skilled workers admitted through the Quebec selection system.
In this study, skilled trades occupations are those targeted by the Federal Skilled Trades Program (FSTP). Applicants in this group are normally licensed plumbers, welders, etc. Additionally, you can find the full list of these groups here: list of Jobs for the Federal Skilled Trades Program
Trends in the labour market
- Admissions grew rapidly after 2007, peaking at 7,100 in 2015
According to the study, between 2008 and 2014, the Government of Canada implemented a series of Ministerial Instructions with the goal of responding better to perceived occupational demand, including demand in the skilled trades.
- The occupational composition of these immigrants changed
Electricians, carpenters, and other construction and maintenance trades fell from 77% (2000 to 2004) to 52% (2015 to 2019). On the other hand, skilled trades in food processing and services rose from 20% to 37%.
- The main category for skilled trades immigration also changed
In 2000, three-quarters of skilled trades immigrants were admitted through the Federal Skilled Worker Program (FSWP). However, by 2008, the Provincial Nominee Program became the primary program. Moreover, it admitted 70% of skilled trades immigrants in 2019.
Another interesting fact is that 54% of skilled trades immigrants had trades certificates or a non-university (i.e., college) diploma. Moreover, 16% had a high school diploma or lower level of education. Although skilled trades immigrants generally had a lower level of education than other economic immigrants, 30% had a university degree.
- Study Suggests to Analyze the International Mobility Program
- Visible minorities in the Canadian skilled trades face disparities
- Comparing Express Entry programs
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