Inland vs. Outside Canada spousal sponsorship

If your spouse or common-law partner lives with you in Canada, then you have two options to sponsor them. However, you must know the differences before deciding which one to choose. This article compares Inland and Outside Canada spousal sponsorship options.

What are inland and outside Canada spousal sponsorship options?

The following articles explain these two options in detail:

The rest of this article assumes you are familiar with the basics. Of course, my recommendation is to read those articles first.

Comparing inland and outside Canada, spousal sponsorship options

Key issues Inland Spousal Applications Outside Canada Spousal Applications
Who is the sponsor? A Canadian citizen or a permanent resident of Canada A Canadian citizen or a permanent resident of Canada
Who is the applicant? A foreign national who is an eligible spouse or common-law partner A foreign national who is an eligible spouse, common-law partner or conjugal partner
Residency requirements for the applicant Must reside in Canada and co-habit with the sponsor May reside anywhere in this world. Co-habitation is not mandatory but helpful.
Application for an open work permit in Canada Eligible Eligible only if travelling to Canada and living with the sponsor.
Right to Appeal Not eligible Eligible
Processing time It could vary but mostly between 9 and 18 months. It could vary but mostly between 9 and 18 months.

Which option to choose

If your spouse or common-law partner lives in Canada with you, you may choose either inland or outside Canada spousal options. Of course, you cannot choose both. Also, consider the limitations mentioned in the table. If your spouse or common-law partner lives outside Canada or doesn’t cohabit with you, your only option is the outside Canada sponsorship. For conjugal partners, your only option is an outside-Canada sponsorship application. Of course, you may consult with a professional to better explore your options.

Let us help!

If you want us to help you with the process of sponsoring your spouse (both inland and outside Canada spousal sponsorship), please fill out the following form:

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    Is the sponsor eligible to sponsor his or her spouse, common-law partner or conjugal partner?

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    Is the applicant (the foreign national) is an eligible spouse, common-law partner or conjugal partner?

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    Al Parsai, MA, DTM, RCIC
    Regulated Canadian Immigration Consultant
    Ashton College Instructor – Immigration Consulting
    Author – 88 Tips on Immigration to Canada

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    Al Parsai

    This article has been expertly crafted by Al Parsai, a distinguished Regulated Canadian Immigration Consultant (L3 RCIC-IRB – Unrestricted Practice) hailing from vibrant Toronto, Canada. Al's academic achievements include an esteemed role as an adjunct professor at prestigious Queen's University Law School and Ashton College, as well as a Master of Laws (LLM) degree from York University. A respected member of CICC and CAPIC organizations, Al's insights are further enriched by his experience as the dynamic CEO of Parsai Immigration Services. Guiding thousands of applicants from over 55 countries through the immigration process since 2011, Al's articles offer a wealth of invaluable knowledge for readers.