Can international students file a refugee claim in Canada?
International students mostly enter Canada with valid study permits. Of course, many intend to immigrate to Canada and later submit an immigration application. One immigration option to Canada is through a refugee claim. However, is this option available to international students? In other words, can international students file for a refugee claim in Canada?
- Potential removal orders
- Time limitations
- Successful refugee claims
- Beware of misrepresentation
- Let us help!
As part of a study permit application, you convince an officer that you will leave Canada by the end of the period authorized for your stay [practitioners see R216(1)(b)]. Consequently, if you file a refugee claim, you break that promise. Therefore, the immigration authorities issue you a removal order as soon as you submit your claim. They later enforce the removal order if any of the following scenarios happen:
- The immigration authorities find you ineligible for an RPD referral.
- You abandon or withdraw your claim.
- RPD or RAD refuse your claim.
- Your subsequent efforts fail, such as a judicial review, PRRA, or H&C application.
A removal order could jeopardize any future efforts to move to Canada. Thus, file a claim only if there are significant merits to it.
Ensure to consult a professional to see if you are eligible to file a refugee claim in Canada. Moreover, please read the following articles:
The simple answer is no. Generally speaking, RPD and immigration authorities expect a person to file the claim upon their first entry or soon after that. Sometimes a student files a refugee claim several months after living in Canada. However, the authorities perceive that as a result of failing other immigration options. This situation questions the genuineness of the claim. Of course, exceptions exist. For example, the circumstances in the student’s country have recently changed, and they have a real fear of returning home. Sometimes, adverse home country circumstances entitle you to a work permit rather than seeking asylum. Please read my article on this subject:
When you are filing a claim, you must remain truthful. Moreover, you may not hide or alter documents and other material facts. Misrepresentation could result in a five-year ban from Canada and even fines and prison time. Read the following articles about the consequences of misrepresentation and potential remedies. Of course, I do not condone misrepresentation in any shape and form.
If you are an international student and intend to file a refugee claim, please consider booking a consultation session with me. Of course, you may fill out the following form in other circumstances. We will review it, and if we find an opportunity for you, we will contact you.
Would you please fill out our free assessment form if you wish to visit or move to Canada? We will review it for free, but we will contact you only if we find an opportunity for you. Alternatively, you may book a consultation session. Consultation sessions are not free, but you will receive formal immigration advice from a licensed practitioner.
Al Parsai, LLM, MA, DTM, RCIC
Regulated Canadian Immigration Consultant
Adjunct Professor – Queen’s University – Faculty of Law
Ashton College Instructor – Immigration Consulting
Author – 88 Tips on Immigration to Canada
Fill our Free Canada Immigration Assessment Form in your language!
This article provides information of a general nature only. Considering the fluid nature of the immigration world, it may no longer be current. Of course, the item does not give legal advice. Therefore, do not rely on it as legal advice or immigration advice. Consequently, no one could hold us accountable for the content of these articles. Of course, if you have specific legal questions, you must consult a lawyer. Alternatively, if you are looking for immigration advice, book an appointment.
The characters and places in the articles:
All the characters and locations in the articles are fictional, unless otherwise clearly stated. Therefore, any resemblance in names, dates, and places is coincidental.
For our official addresses, trust this website only. We currently do not have offices outside Canada. Therefore, anyone who claims to be our agent is committing fraud. Also, note that we do not issue any work permits or study permits or similar documents. The government of Canada has the sole authority to issue such material.