Naturalized Citizen versus Born Citizen in Canada

Naturalized Citizenship CanadaKiarash was born in Ottawa, Canada, in 1983. His parents were both international students from Iran. They completed their studies and left without applying for immigration. Kiarash was only four months old when his parents left Canada for good. Kiarash has never travelled to Canada and holds no Canadian documents besides his birth certificate. A friend of Kiarash recently told him he is a Canadian citizen. He wonders if this is true.

Many people around the world consider Canadian citizenship a privilege. One of the reasons that people immigrate to Canada is to become Canadian citizens. They leave their home country, language, relatives, and sometimes their culture and beliefs behind to pursue a new life, eventually becoming Canadian citizens.

People could become Canadians either by birth or through naturalization. The Canadian Citizenship Act calls for naturalization citizenship by way of a grant.

Who is a Canadian By BIRTH?

There are two ways that a person becomes a Canadian by birth. If someone is born in Canada, they automatically become Canadian citizens. The only exception is when one of the parents is a foreign country employee or diplomat, and the other is not a Canadian citizen or permanent resident of Canada.

The other option for citizenship by birth is for those born outside Canada, but at least one of their parents is a first-generation Canadian. You are a first-generation Canadian if you are born inside Canada or become a Canadian through naturalization.

Who is a Naturalized Citizen?

A naturalized citizen immigrates to Canada first and then, after a few years, applies and becomes a Canadian citizen. For example, according to the existing regulations, you may apply for citizenship if you are a landed immigrant and have spent at least 1,095 days in Canada in the past five years. The following steps usually involve submitting documents, taking a citizenship test, and eventually taking the Oath of Citizenship (or attending the Citizenship ceremony).

Children under 18 could become naturalized citizens when their parents become Canadians.

What are the Differences Between Naturalized and Born CITIZENS?

Federal and provincial laws and courts treat naturalized and born citizens equally. Both groups have similar responsibilities and privileges. Nobody in the country could treat such citizens differently. Nonetheless, there are specific differences that you need to keep in mind:

  • If a naturalized citizen has fraudulently obtained their permanent residency or citizenship, then immigration authorities may revoke their citizenship.
  • A naturalized citizen cannot hold a Canadian birth certificate.
  • Other countries may treat a naturalized citizen differently due to their place of birth, despite their Canadian citizenship.

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    Al Parsai, MA, DTM, RCIC
    Regulated Canadian Immigration Consultant
    Ashton College Instructor – Immigration Consulting
    Author – 88 Tips on Immigration to Canada

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    Al Parsai

    This article has been expertly crafted by Al Parsai, a distinguished Regulated Canadian Immigration Consultant (L3 RCIC-IRB – Unrestricted Practice) hailing from vibrant Toronto, Canada. Al's academic achievements include an esteemed role as an adjunct professor at prestigious Queen's University Law School and Ashton College, as well as a Master of Laws (LLM) degree from York University. A respected member of CICC and CAPIC organizations, Al's insights are further enriched by his experience as the dynamic CEO of Parsai Immigration Services. Guiding thousands of applicants from over 55 countries through the immigration process since 2011, Al's articles offer a wealth of invaluable knowledge for readers.