Author: Al Parsai, LL.M, RCIC-IRB
Last Updated On: January 1, 2021

Seasonal Agricultural Worker Program (SAWP)

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Chatham-Kent (CK) used to be my hometown from 2004 t0 2014.  Chatham-Kent is an important agricultural community. CK farmers require seasonal workers because of the nature of their work. The local market is usually not capable of providing farmers with the hardworking seasonal workers they need. Consequently, many of the farmers hire foreign workers, mainly from Mexico and Caribbean countries such as Jamaica, to fill in the gap. These farmworkers are usually hired under a federal program called SAWP or Seasonal Agricultural Worker Program. I will explain this program in more detail and then review some aspects of it.

What is SAWP?

The Seasonal Agricultural Worker Program (SAWP) matches workers from Mexico and the Caribbean countries with Canadian farmers who need temporary support during planting and harvesting seasons when qualified Canadians or permanent residents are not available.

The governments of Mexico and the Caribbean countries recruit and select candidates. To qualify, men and women must have experience in farming and:

  • be at least 18 years old;
  • be nationals of one of the participating countries;
  • satisfy the immigration laws of Canada and the worker’s home country; and
  • accept and sign an employment contract.

The workers that are recruited under this program need to leave Canada when their contract is over. Click here for more information about this program.

Fact Sheet

I want to bring your attention to a few issues related to this program. This program was introduced in the early 1970s. It is apparently one of the most successful programs in terms of hiring temporary offshore workers. While women have recently been hired, the workers are predominantly male and married. A high percentage of these workers return to Canada each year. Some of them have returned each year to Canada for over 30 years. The duration of their stay in Canada is between 8 weeks and 8 months before repatriation.

Communication Problems and Superstitious

The workers under SAWP  live on the farms. Many of them know very little English or no English at all. These two factors isolate them from the main population of Chatham-Kent to a significant extent. One other reason for isolation is that many of these workers do not hold a valid driver’s license. Their commute into our cities and towns is usually limited to bicycles or weekly public transportation arranged by some community groups or farmers.

Their isolation has detached them from the people of Chatham-Kent (especially the city of Chatham). People generally ignore these workers and avoid approaching them as members of our community. Some people are even afraid of them, even though these are law-abiding citizens.

I personally believe we need to change our behaviour. These are a group of hardworking people who are away from their wives and children for several weeks or months at a time. This reason alone is enough for them to suffer emotionally. Our role as citizens of Chatham-Kent is to help them feel at home here. We need to do our best to lessen their suffering.

I hope this article reminds us that we, as Canadians, are the best group of people when it comes to how we treat those who look different from us. We need to maintain our popularity by adhering to our values and changing our behaviour.  I would suggest arranging some local activities and inviting these workers to join us. We need to help them understand our language and culture better. In return, we need to learn about their culture and what they are going through when they are away from their families and home country. We need to turn Chatham-Kent into their second home and show them they belong to the family of Chatham-Kent at least for a few weeks every year.



  • I brought up this subject through a speech in one of our Toastmasters club meetings. My Toastmasters fellows helped me have a better understanding of the subject. I used their questions and comments to complete this article. I, therefore, would like to thank them all for being such knowledgeable and helpful friends.
  • Kim Cooper, who has been working in the agribusiness sector for over 35 years, has generously edited the text for me. He can be reached at [email protected]. Thanks, Kim, for polishing the text.

NOTE: I wrote this article several years ago. It may include outdated content.

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“This article provides information of a general nature only. It may no longer be current. It does not provide legal advice, nor should it be relied upon. If you have specific legal questions, you should consult a lawyer.”

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Al Parsai, MA, DTM, RCIC
Regulated Canadian Immigration Consultant
Ashton College Instructor – Immigration Consulting
Author – 88 Tips on Immigration to Canada

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Al Parsai, LL.M, RCIC-IRB

Al Parsai is a distinguished Regulated Canadian Immigration Consultant (L3 RCIC-IRB – Unrestricted Practice) hailing from vibrant Toronto, Canada. Al's academic achievements include an esteemed role as an adjunct professor at prestigious Queen's University Law School and Ashton College, as well as a Master of Laws (LLM) degree from York University (Osgood Hall Law School). A respected member of CICC, Al's insights are further enriched by his experience as the dynamic CEO of Parsai Immigration Services. Guiding thousands of applicants from over 55 countries through the immigration process since 2011, Al's articles offer a wealth of invaluable knowledge for readers.