minorities in the Canadian skilled trades

Visible minorities in the Canadian skilled trades face disparities

A new report, released on November of this year, goes deep into the disparities faced by visible minorities in the Canadian skilled trades.

The Government of Canada defines “visible minority” as, “persons, other than Aboriginal peoples, who are non-Caucasian in race or non-white in colour”. This report break up visible minorities into South Asian, Chinese, Black, Filipino, and Latin American. You can find the remaining categories grouped together as “other”.

The data here come from journeypersons who responded to the 2016 census and received their certification between 2008-2017. However, the labour market outcomes of these data represent only 1 year after certification.

Please, be aware that a certified journeyperson is recognized as a qualified and skilled person in a trade and is entitled to the wages and benefits associated with that trade.

Underrepresentation in the skilled trades

The report shows that visible minority journeypersons are underrepresented in all the skilled trades. In general, men were more underrepresented than women across the board. Latin Americans had the highest and Chinese had the lowest levels of representation across both men and women.

Differences in median incomes

Most visible minorities also had lower levels of median income than their non-visible minority counterparts. Non-visible minorities had median incomes of $65,600 for men and $28,300 for women, surpassed only by the Filipino population who received median incomes of $67,000 for men and $33,300 for women. All other visible minorities received between $4,100 – $13,700 less for males and $2,200 – $6,900 for females than non-visible minorities. Approximately half of the difference in pay for male visible minorities can be attributed to characteristics such as type of trade, geography, and mode of certification. On the other hand, these characteristics cannot explain the differences for women.

Men received higher incomes than women across all population groups. Interesting differences between men and women are the different choices of professions, and men being more likely to work in unionized environments, be Red Seal certified by the Canadian Council of Directors of Apprenticeship, and less likely to report solely self-employed income. Filipino and non-visible minority men and women were less likely to report low-income levels than other visible minorities. Also, women were considerably more likely to report low-income levels than men.

Additional highlights

Visible minority men were more represented in automotive service technicians. Cooks were more likely to be a visible minority as well, with the exception of Black men. Across all-female population groups, hairstylist was the top employment type (with between 31.2% – 58.8% of all female journeypersons). Most visible minority journeypersons got certified in Ontario, Alberta, and British Columbia. However, non-visible minorities were much more likely to be certified in Quebec. For more information, take a look at the full report.

Ask your questions!

If you have a broad question about immigration to Canada, please fill out the following form. Of course, if you have specific questions, book a consultation session. You may alternatively fill out our assessment form.

    Full Name (required)

    Email address (required)

    Have you entered your email address correctly?

    Your question (required):

    Read this in Spanish

    Related Posts

    international students are

    International students are experiencing higher wages than before

    Dec 5, 2021
    Economic Mobility Pathways Pilot

    IRCC opens the second phase of the Economic Mobility Pathways Pilot

    Dec 4, 2021

    Apply for a visa inside Canada | Inland TRV applications

    Dec 3, 2021
    job vacancies

    The sectors with the most job vacancies in Canada

    Dec 3, 2021

    Fill our Free Canada Immigration Assessment Form in your language!

    Disclaimer:
    This article provides information of a general nature only. Considering the fluid nature of the immigration world, it may no longer be current. Of course, the item does not give legal advice. Therefore, do not rely on it as legal advice or immigration advice. Consequently, no one could hold us accountable for the content of these articles. Of course, if you have specific legal questions, you must consult a lawyer. Alternatively, if you are looking for immigration advice, book an appointment.

    The characters and places in the articles:
    All the characters and locations in the articles are fictional, unless otherwise clearly stated. Therefore, any resemblance in names, dates, and places is coincidental.

    Important Notes:
    For our official addresses, trust this website only. We currently do not have offices outside Canada. Therefore, anyone who claims to be our agent is committing fraud. Also, note that we do not issue any work permits or study permits or similar documents. The government of Canada has the sole authority to issue such material.

    Click to read the disclaimer.

    Andrea Neira

    Do you have any questions?